Every computer needs a storage solution, somewhere that it can save and edit data for future use. (SSDs) Solid state drives and hard disk drives (HDDs) are roughly similar hard drives in their physical specifications, but store data in very different ways, and have their own sets of advantages and disadvantages.
Hard disk drives consist of one or more magnetically sensitive platters, an actuator arm with a read/write head for each platter, and a motor to spin the platters and move the arms. There is also an I/O controller and firmware that tells the HDD’s hardware what to do and communicates with the rest of the system. The platters are divided into concentric circles called tracks, which are further divided into logical units called sectors. Each track and sector number results in a unique address used to organize and locate data. Whenever a computer retrieves or updates data, the I/O controller tells the actuator arm where data is located, and the read/write head gathers said data by reading the presence or absence of an electrical charge in each address.
The drawbacks of HDDs are that mechanical parts used to read and write data, and physically find and retrieve the data takes more time than finding it electronically. These mechanical parts can also skip and fail if they are handled roughly or dropped. They are also heavier, and use more energy than SSDs. However, HDDS are much less expensive than SSDs, and have much more storage space.
Solid state drives are a newer type of storage device, but are progressing rapidly and adding more and more storage capacity with every passing year. Solid state drives use NAND, a type of flash memory. At the lowest level, floating gate transistors record a charge or lack of a charge to store data, and are organized into grid patterns, which are further organized into blocks. Block size can vary, but each row that makes up the grid is called a page. An SSD controller performs several functions, as well as keeping track of where data is located. Each time an SSD retrieves or updates data, the controller looks at the address of the data requested, and reads the charge status. Updating data in an SSD is more complex, as all data in a block must be refreshed whenever a portion of it is updated.
The greatest drawback of SSDs is that they are newer and therefore more expensive than HDDs. SSDs are also much smaller in terms of capacity than HDDs, which can be two and a half times larger than SSDs. SSDs however, are much faster for games, apps, and movies, are lighter and more shock-resistant, and use less electrical energy.
At ASAP IT Technology, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the computer IT hardware parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asap-ittechnology.com or call us at 1-714-705-4780.

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Modern digital devices are multimedia, meaning that they record data in multiple formats, such as both audio and video. With a wide range of devices including cameras, capture cards, microphones, and more utilizing multimedia data storage and transmission and being used by both home and business-oriented PCs, it is important to understand how these devices work.
Webcams are simple digital cameras that can take video or still images and transmit them over the Internet. Unlike digital cameras, webcams have no storage capacity. Most plug into a USB port, but some also use IEEE 1394 or parallel ports. Webcams are typically used in live chat situations, or face-to-face video calling, and offer resolutions ranging from sub-VGA to up to 2 million pixels. Some offer autofocus and zoom features to improve image quality, and have built-in microphones.
Digital cameras have largely replaced conventional film cameras for both amateur and professional photography. These cameras use CMOS or CCD sensors to record images onto internal or card-based flash memory form factors such as compact flash, SD, memory sticks, xD-picture cards, and smart media. These images can be transferred to computers for emailing, printing, or storage via flash memory card readers or direct USB port connections.
Musical instrument digital interface, or MIDI music is created from digitized samples of musical instruments that are stored in the ROM or RAM of a MIDI device such as a sound card, and played under the command of a MIDI sequencer. MIDI sequences are then stored as files for future playback, and can be transferred between sound cards and MIDI-enabled devices such as keyboards via the MIDI port.
Sound cards are typically used to record and play back analog audio, but are also used to play back digital audio sources as well. When recording analog sources such as CDs, sound cards digitize the audio at varying sample rates and store files in uncompressed forms like WAV, or compressed forms like WMA and MP3. Most cards support 5.1 or 7.1 surround sound audio.
Video capture cards are used to capture live video from sources like analog camcorders, TV, and more. Most recent capture cards with video capture capabilities are multi-purpose cards that include other functions like TV tuner and video capture functions, graphics cards with video-in/video-out S-video or composite video ports, and USB devices. Videos are stored in a variety of formats, such as MPEG, AVI, and more.
At ASAP IT Technology, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the multimedia devices and parts, paired with an unrivaled supply chain network that delivers some of the fastest shipping in the industry. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the computer hardware parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asap-ittechnology.com or call us at 1-714-705-4780.

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Generally speaking, computer memory is classified as either internal or external memory. Internal memory, sometimes called main or primary memory, is memory that stores small amounts of data while the computer is running. External memory, or secondary memory, refers to an external device that stores and retains data. Some examples of external memory are hard disks, compact discs, or USB flash drives.
The two types of internal memory are ROM and RAM. ROM, a non-volatile memory (meaning it can retain data without power) stands for read-only memory. The main function of this type of memory is to start/boot a computer. Upon boot-up, the computer then primarily uses RAM, or random-access memory. This type of memory stores data while the central processing unit is enacting other commands. The more RAM a computer has, the less the CPU has to read data from secondary storage devices. This allows the computer to run much faster.
RAM is very prevalent in any operating system. The two common types of RAM are called DRAM and SRAM. DRAM is used as the computer’s main source of memory. The individual memory cells are made up of a transistor and capacitor with an integrated circuit. Transistors leak and capacitors slowly discharge, meaning DRAM has to receive a refreshed electronic charge every few seconds in order to retain data. The other type of RAM, SRAM, retains data as long as power is supplied to the system. The main difference between SRAM and DRAM is that SRAM does not need to be refreshed. This means SRAM is much faster, but far more costly as well.

ASAP IT Technology is owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor and has access to an unrivaled supply chain network. This allows us to promise parts with short lead times at competitive prices. We can help you find all the computer memory parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asap-ittechnology.com or call us at 1-714-705-4780.

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Did you know that 40% of small businesses believe that without the use of a printer they would be rendered inoperable? That is an astounding figure, and though the remaining 60% could survive, the lack of a printer would undoubtedly hinder their business’ performance. This is why finding the perfect printer for your business a crucial, though sometimes forgotten, task. What follows is five important things to consider before purchasing a business printer.

  • Growth
Given that high-quality printers can cost a pretty penny, you want to buy a printer that will allow your office to work just as efficiently in two or three years as it does now. Growth and change is a natural part of any new business, and increase in printing needs will inevitably appear as a result of that. Additionally, it’s important to consider how many employees will be using each printer. If you purchase too few printers, the printer will be overworked and slowly break down and malfunction over time. However, buying too many printers will leave many unused, becoming a bad investment. Current and potential company size are both important factors to be aware of before buying printers.

  • Print Volume
Two important factors to consider before choosing a printer are your average print volume and expected spikes in printer use. Average volume is the number of pages your printer would print in a normal day. You want a printer that will not only meet that number, but exceed it to account for variations in daily printing. Expected spikes refers to the times of year when printing volume will be higher than usual due to big projects or other factors. Printers with higher print volume are ideal for handling these surges without performance issues. 

  • Economics
There are several economic factors to consider beyond the price of the printer itself. Cost of printer parts, ink/toner, maintenance fees, and monthly utility costs like energy usage are all important considerations that need to be made. These costs can vary greatly depending on the size or type of printer you purchase.

  • Print Quality
Print quality requirements are not always easy to determine because you need to find a printer of reasonable quality that can also put up with the significant needs of an average office. It’s important to consider your print quality expectations and ask yourself if you need professional/print-shop quality. If that’s the case, you might consider outsourcing your printing to another company (though this only makes sense financially if your large print jobs are rare).

  • Security
Printers become more and more like computers with each new model. It’s just as important to protect your printer’s hard drive as your PC’s. Be aware that printers with internet connections are vulnerable to hacking and should be protected like any other sensitive material.

At ASAP IT Technology, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the unique parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the IT hardware parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asap-ittechnology.com or call us at 1-714-705-4780.

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Purchasing a PC can be a major investment, one that requires serious research and consideration on the part of the buyer. In this blog, we’ll break down some of the most important factors to keep in mind while purchasing a new computer.
For some, the computer manufacturer brand is what matters the most. Some are reliable and trusted providers of hardware, while others offer better warranties, or have unique proprietary software that you might be interested in. Acer computers, for example, are relatively cheap, but still have high hard drive and memory capacities.
Size can be a serious concern when purchasing a PC, especially if it is a laptop. Some consumers prefer larger monitors, while others want portability and low weight above all else. For desktop users, they may want a larger case to allow for better ventilation, while others may want to save space with a smaller tower. The home destination is always a major consideration; if it’s going into a large room, you should feel free to go as large as you’d like.
Price and usability are obvious factors as well, and depend largely on what the PC’s end-use will be. Dedicated users like hardcore gamers, video editors, and 3D software users will all have higher requirements for their PCs, and will need to spend more accordingly to get that performance. Most users, however, use computers for browsing the Internet, and light office and school tasks. Unless you are a dedicated user, you should probably avoid more expensive rigs.
Tying into this is hardware. Components like the hard drive, processor, and RAM are all serious concerns, with the more demanding applications requiring more powerful components. Make sure you have a clear idea of what you will be using your PC for when purchasing.
Another concern is the operating system. Most Windows OS systems are sold in different types, with the more expensive editions offering more features. Windows 10, for instance, comes in Home, Pro, Enterprise, and Education, each with varying programs and abilities. Windows 10 Home, for instance, doesn’t have a disk encryption feature like Bitlocker, so if hard drive security is something you are concerned about, you may want to consider other options.
Peripherals like DVD readers and optical drives are also something to consider. These add functionality to a device, but will also make it bulkier and more expensive, and are becoming somewhat redundant in an age of streaming and digital downloads. Still, for applications like video and audio editing, they can be critical to have.
Lastly, the warranty of the PC is something to think about. Most new purchases come with a yearlong manufacturer warranty, but some retailers will extend it by several years if you are willing to pay. Warranty extensions can depend on both the product and the seller, so be sure to compare retailers. Some warranties are also vaguely worded, so be sure you fully understand the terms and conditions before paying for it.
At ASAP IT Technology, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the hard drives, RAM cards, and processors for the PC hardware industry. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asap-ittechnology.com or call us at +1-714-705-4780.

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Having a few media converters in your toolbox can increase your flexibility while decreasing stress on the job. In this article, we will be covering the basis of media converters and their most popular uses.
Now, what is a media converter? It essentially acts as the glue for networks. It helps connect networks made up of different signal types, network protocols, data rates, connectors, or cabling types through on transceiver. A media converter is versatile because it converts light waves into electrical waves and electrical waves into light waves. Some types include copper to fiber, coax to fiber, fiber to fiber, and single mode to multi-mode.
There are a few factors that make media converters the superior and smarter choice to use. Older equipment, or legacy equipment, is the cheaper and easier solution to a new computer. The same thought goes into older buildings or complexes, or legacy buildings, where the rewiring of a whole structure is just not feasible or practical. These situations are ideal to utilize a media converter to drive costs down and productivity up. Cutting down on cost has made the media converter steadily more popular over the years.
 With the ever-changing technology of our world, the need for media converters increases. Fibers that are located outside, WANs and LANS, remote management with monitoring capabilities, and enhanced bandwidth that allows signals to go in 2 directions are a few reasons why these devices are selling in mass quantities recently.
There are several types of converters that can meet any need. There are a few questions you need to ask yourself before purchasing. Firstly, ask yourself what kind of network it will need to support? What cable or connector type do you use? What type of cables are you connecting? Finally, you need to ask yourself what kind of tasks you will need the media converter for, managed or unmanaged capabilities?
Here are some recommendations for media converters depending on how you answered the questions above. Ethernet converters connect different types of network media to allow them to connect, no matter their individual data rates. Some models can rate switch anywhere from 10/100 to 10/100/1000. A fiber media converter can switch between multi and single mode. The two types, optical and coaxial, transmit signals in either a form of light or a form of electricity, respectively.
The main goal of media converters is to decrease the amount of money spent to keep ethernet strong and increase the speed of all devices to run an overall smoother business in any setting.
 At ASAP IT Technology, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the media converters for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries, we’re always available and ready to help you find all the computer parts and equipment you need, 24/7x365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sale@asap-ittechnology.com or call us at +1-714-705-4780.

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Building your own personal computer is a unique challenge, but a rewarding one as well. Building your own PC allows you to have greater control over your design and components of computer, allowing you to customize for a variety of purposes, including high-end PC gaming, video editing, documentation and work purposes, or simply saving money on a budget work machine. Building your own PC can also be cheaper than buying a prebuilt model from a manufacturer, if done correctly by a savvy shopper. Beyond the monetary question, however, is the simple satisfaction of creating something with your own hands that you can use and enjoy in everyday life.
But to build a computer, you need the right parts. Every PC will have these six components at minimum to function properly.
The Case: the plastic or metal shell that holds and protects all internal components inside it. Cases come varying sizes and can have different kinds of pins and connectors within them.

The motherboard: the “spine” of your PC’s build, the motherboard is what every other component will attach to or plug into in some way or another. It is important to make sure that your motherboard’s pins and sockets match with the rest of your components!

The power supply: A heavy box that regulates electricity as it flows from the outlet into your computer and provides power to the individual components of the PC. The power supply connects directly to the motherboard, and other components through the motherboard.

Processor (or CPU): The central processing unit effectively acts as the “brain” of the PC and is the greatest determining factor for the speed of your computer. You will want to make sure that the CPU and motherboard are compatible in terms of both manufacturer (AMD or Intel) and the CPU socket.

Memory (or RAM): RAM stands for random access memory and is a critical component of your computer’s operation. RAM allows data to be saved and accessed far more quickly than it can be from storage, but the data is lost if the power supply is lost. Therefore, RAM is most frequently used in short-term calculations, such as in gaming. It is important to ensure that the RAM cards you purchase are compatible with your motherboard’s sockets.

Storage: Storage comes in both hard drive and solid-state drives, and stores the PC’s operating system and gigabytes of digital files (such as pictures, video, text documents, etc.) you save. SSDs are faster than HDDs, but HDDs hold more data, and are cheaper. Many PCs these days will have an SSD that holds critical files such as the operating system, and an HDD for things like pictures and documents.

These six are the bare essentials, of course. You will also need a keyboard, monitor, and mouse if you don’t already have them, and other components depending on what you plan to use your PC for. High-end gaming will require an independent graphics card, as well as possibly investing in a cooling system to ensure your computer doesn’t overheat. If you save tons of pictures or videos, an extra hard drive for the storage may be necessary, as well as a DVD or Blu-ray drive for reading discs in those formats.
At ASAP IT Technology, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the computer systems and parts. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asap-ittechnology.com or call us at +1-714-705-4780.

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In an ideal world, your PC would last forever—unfortunately, no computer does. Eventually, every computer slows down, even if you’re using it for the exact same functions you were five years ago. Whether it be replacing a computer hard drive, or installing a new graphics card, repairs and replacements are part of owning a computer. In order to get the most out of your investment, you’re probably looking to stretch the lifespan of your computer out for as long as you can. So, which parts should you repair—and which parts should you replace?
Your computer consists of various components and pieces of technology, each designed with their own specific purpose. Before you decide on which part to replace, you must first diagnose the issue. Be sure that the problem isn’t a software issue; run a virus or malware test to see if your computer is corrupted. If a damaging virus does exist, then replacing your computer software may be your best option. Other components that you’re better off replacing include motherboards, data drives, RAM, power supply units, and cooling fans. 
There are several reasons why replacing your computer motherboard is beneficial. First off, motherboards tend to have a short life cycle (about 3-4 years). Although there aren’t any moving parts, motherboards tend to be fragile in design. The smallest malfunction can turn catastrophic in the blink of an eye. The capacitors on a motherboard will naturally deteriorate over time due in part to heat, static, and moisture.
Data drives come in two variations: hard disk drives and solid-state drives. The computer’s operating system resides within these drives and acts as the brain of the PC. Hard disk drives are mechanical and will diminish as time goes on. They are susceptible to scratches;  it may stop reading data, or a power surge may render the parts inoperable. Solid state drives are similar to flash memory chips. Although they have no moving parts, extreme temperatures can damage them and they’re able to be hacked. Replace this part immediately if it starts to act faulty.
The random-access memory, or RAM, makes it possible for the computer to find specific information quickly. It is used as the main memory component in computer systems and is crucial to overall functioning capabilities. This is one of the first parts you should replace if you want to speed up your PC’s performance. Extreme temperatures and power surges are the main reasons that RAMs need maintenance. To ensure longevity, buy a high-quality module from a reputable manufacturer and regularly inspect the hardware.
A power supply unit (PSU) is what produces and transports power to different components in your computer. An average PSU should last anywhere between five and ten years. An effective way to prolong the lifespan is to minimize high-stress activities. If your PSU is malfunctioning, replace it as soon as possible.
If your computer starts operating loudly, there’s a good chance that your cooling fan needs attention. The mechanical nature of this part contributes to its malfunctions as they have moving parts that are prone to general wear and tear overtime. The deterioration process is accelerated by particles and dust that accrue on the blades, and within the rotating element. Clean out any excess dust regularly to keep it from layering; be sure to replace the fan when necessary.
At ASAP IT Technology, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find types of computer hardware & networking component. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asap-ittechnology.com or call us at +1-714-705-4780.

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A network switch is a computer networking device that keeps users connected to each other and to the internet. It’s not just the computer itself that benefit from this device: printers, gaming consoles, DVD drives, etc. benefit from this as well. It allows you to perform various functions on multiple devices. Choosing the network switch that is right for you depends upon factors such as the number of devices and the number of people that are going to be using the network. Some of the different types of network switches are local area network (LAN) switch or active hub, unmanaged network switches, managed switches, and routers.
The LAN switch or active hub is also known as the local area network or Ethernet switch. It connects points on a company’s internal LAN and allocates the bandwidth economically so overlapping data is blocked. The LAN switch delivers data to its intended recipient and reduces traffic.
Unmanaged network switches are the easiest to install and are used mostly in home or small business settings. They also allow different devices to connect with each other. Managed switches can be customized and can enhance a networks functionality. There are two types of managed switches: smart and enterprise. Smart switches have limited features but create a web interface and accept configurations of basic settings. Enterprise switches have a wide range of management features and are often found in large companies that have a lot of connections, nodes, switches, and ports. Because they are more customizable, they are more expensive. Routers send data along networks and are usually connected to LANs or wide area networks (WANs). They are able to connect more than two networks.
 At ASAP IT Technology, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the network switches you need, new or obsolete. As a premier supplier of IT hardware parts, we’re always available and ready to help you find all the computer hardware parts and equipment you need, 24/7x365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asap-ittechnology.com or call us at +1-714-705-4780.

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In the age of the internet, people are used to being able to surf the web instantaneously. But as some of you may know, that cannot always be the case. As the speed of the central processing unit (CPU) starts to increase, the gap between the CPU speed and main memory begins to widen and performance comes to a slow. In order to combat this issue, cache memory, also known as CPU memory or CPU cache, was created. Cache memory stores frequently used data and allows the CPU to access that data from the main memory quicker. It is the fastest memory, but cache memory has a lower capacity than other types of memory.
Most modern server Central Processing Units have three independent caches. The instruction cache that speeds up executable instruction fetch; a data cache that speeds up data fetch and store; and a translation lookaside buffer (TLB) that is used to speed up virtual-to-physical address translation for executable instructions and data. The TLB is not directly related to the CPU caches, it is part of the memory management unit (MMU).    
Computer cache memory is divided into three levels.  Level 1 (L1) cache, or primary cache, is the smallest and is the first one to be searched by the CPU. If the instructions are not found in L1, Level 2 (L2) is searched. L2 cache, or secondary cache, has more space than L1 cache. Level 3 (L3) cache, or main memory, is larger and slower than L1 and L2 but is still double the speed of RAM.
If the cache has the information that the CPU needs already loaded onto it, it is called a cache hit. If there is a failure in reading or writing the data in the cache, it is called a cache miss; the CPU will then access the main memory, and this takes longer. There are three types of cache misses: instruction read misses, data read misses, and data write misses.
In addition to cache memory, there are other ways to increase the memory of a computer or system. For example, increasing RAM and/or ROM, utilizing OTP memory, or even adding external memory to the system will help.

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